The humanwas sequenced in 2000. The news broke as though we had just unravelled the mystery of human life. Yet, we still know very little.
AS3MT:coding for a that modifies arsenic and makes it less toxic. Adaptation to arsenic serves as a model for how organisms evolve to survive under toxic conditions.
CYB5R3:coding for a that is involved in the redox of iron in hemoglobin. Variations in this are associated with hemoglobin that binds oxygen less efficiently. Carriers have bluish (cyanotic) skin.
SHANK3: Thisis associated with autism.
CYP2D6: Thisis involved in neutralising toxic products and certain drugs.
TEF: Thismay be involved in epilepsy. The was discovered by the cleaning staff while vacuuming the animal care facilities at the University of Geneva!
MB: Thisis involved in oxygen transport in our muscles.
CRYBA4/CRYBB2: Theseare involved in the lens structure of our eyes.
RTN4R: Thishinders neuronal growth and helps them to branch out.