List of chromosomes

Chromosome 17

Chromosome 17 Chromosome 17
59
66
54
48
35
10
Bioinformatics for reading the past

Bioinformatics for reading the past

Since the 19th century, paleontologists have been ‘reading’ fossils to get a greater understanding of how species evolved. Biologists recently demonstrated that genes and proteins can be just as ‘readable’.

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dry skin

ALOX12B/ALOXE3 : These two genes are involved in keeping our skin hydrated.

big children

GH1: This gene codes for a hormone involved in child growth.

cells that multiply

BRCA1: Gene involved in cell proliferation, associated in particular with breast cancer.

epilepsy

HLF: This gene may be involved in epilepsy. The gene was discovered by the cleaning staff while vacuuming the animal care facilities at the University of Geneva!

neuron sculptor

MAPT: This gene codes for the tau protein, which is important for neuron structure and involved in certain forms of dementia.

qui dort dîne

HCRT: This gene codes for a protein which regulates our appetite and our sleep.

on skin, hair and nails

KRT31: This gene codes for keratin, the major component of skin, hair and nails.

anti-AIDS

CCL5: This gene codes for a protein involved in fighting off infections. When chemically modified, the protein is able to block HIV infection.

taxi to happiness

SLC6A4: This gene codes for a protein which transports serotonin, also known as a ‘happy hormone’.

an inbuilt timekeeper

PER1: This gene is involved in our daily biological rhythms.

the DNA guardian

TP53: This gene codes for a protein which is responsible for the integrity of our DNA. When defective, it is associated with the development of certain cancers.

the effects of morphine

ARRB2: This gene codes for a protein which regulates the effects of morphine.

love at first smell

OR1D2: This gene codes for a sperm protein involved in producing an odour which plays an important role in fertilisation.

CHROMOSOME WALK
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