10 to 100 million species live on our planet. Every single species – from, insects and birds, to plants and humans – has a common ancestor. According to Charles Darwin and his theory of , which was published in ‘On the Origin of Species’ in 1859, species evolve thanks to natural selection. The theory explains the basis of kinship between all species. Although it remained controversial for a long time, it has now been largely accepted.
OAS1:involved in the fight against certain viral infections. A variant of this , inherited from Neanderthal, is thought to give protection against COVID-19.
HMGA2: Thisinfluences a person’s height.
SH2B3:associated with gluten intolerance (celiac disease).
ALX1:which orchestrates the development of our nose, our mouth and our jaw. Genetic analysis of birds collected on the Galapagos Islands showed that this has a major effect on the shape of the famous Darwin’s finches’ beaks.
KITLG: Thisis involved in the synthesis of melanin, a pigment found in skin.
PAH: Thisis associated with phenylketonuria, a rare genetic disease that prevents phenylalanine . Babies are tested at birth because excess phenylalanine in the blood can cause mental retardation.
ABCC9: Thisinfluences the length of sleep.
RPLP0: Thiscodes for a which is part of the and is therefore involved in making .
RPL6: Thiscodes for a which is part of the and is therefore involved in making .
ALDH2: Thisis involved in alcohol tolerance.
PPP1CC :impliqué dans l’apprentissage mais aussi dans l’oubli qui nous est nécessaire pour ne pas surcharger la mémoire.
CRY1: Thisis involved in our daily biological rhythms.
MARS1 (METRS): Thiscodes for a which is involved in making other .
DCD: Thiscodes for a sweat which fights off that live on our skin.
KRT86: Thiscodes for keratin, a which is the major component of skin, hair and nails.
ACCN2: Thisis involved in nerve impulses. Turning fright on and off?
TWF1/TWF2: Thesecode for that are involved in giving a its shape.
LRRK2: Thisis associated with Parkinsons disease.
LDHB: Thisis involved in sugar .
TAS2R43: Thiscodes for a which is involved in the perception of bitter components.
TPI1 (TPIS): Thisis involved in sugar .
FKBP4: Thiscodes for a that interacts with the tau , which plays a key role in the progression of Alzheimers disease.