List of chromosomes

Chromosome 12

Chromosome 12 Chromosome 12
42.1 %
77.1
15
90.1
84
39.4
The story of life

The story of life

10 to 100 million species live on our planet. Every single species – from bacteria, insects and birds, to plants and humans – has a common ancestor. According to Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution, which was published in ‘On the Origin of Species’ in 1859, species evolve thanks to natural selection. The theory explains the basis of kinship between all species. Although it remained controversial for a long time, it has now been largely accepted.

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a question of height

HMGA2: This gene influences a person’s height.

no gluten

SH2B3: Gene associated with gluten intolerance (celiac disease).

Darwin’s finches

ALX1: Gene which orchestrates the development of our nose, our mouth and our jaw. Genetic analysis of birds collected on the Galapagos Islands showed that this gene has a major effect on the shape of the famous Darwin’s finches’ beaks.

pigmentation

KITLG: This gene is involved in the synthesis of melanin, a pigment found in skin.

phenylketonuria

PAH: This gene is associated with phenylketonuria, a rare genetic disease that prevents phenylalanine metabolism. Babies are tested at birth because excess phenylalanine in the blood can cause mental retardation.

sleeping in

ABCC9: This gene influences the length of sleep.

protein manufacturer

RPLP0: This gene codes for a protein which is part of the ribosome and is therefore involved in making proteins.

protein manufacturer

RPL6: This gene codes for a protein which is part of the ribosome and is therefore involved in making proteins.

one too many…

ALDH2: This gene is involved in alcohol tolerance.

l’oubli nécessaire

PPP1CC : Gène impliqué dans l’apprentissage mais aussi dans l’oubli qui nous est nécessaire pour ne pas surcharger la mémoire.

an inbuilt timekeeper

CRY1: This gene is involved in our daily biological rhythms.

protein manufacturer

MARS1 (METRS): This gene codes for a protein which is involved in making other proteins.

defence

DCD: This gene codes for a sweat protein which fights off bacteria that live on our skin.

on skin, hair and nails

KRT86: This gene codes for keratin, a protein which is the major component of skin, hair and nails.

texting…

ACCN2: This gene is involved in nerve impulses. Turning fright on and off?

cell architecture

TWF1/TWF2: These genes code for proteins that are involved in giving a cell its shape.

Parkinsons disease

LRRK2: This gene is associated with Parkinsons disease.

something sweet

LDHB: This gene is involved in sugar metabolism.

something bitter

TAS2R43: This gene codes for a protein which is involved in the perception of bitter components.

something sweet

TPI1 (TPIS): This gene is involved in sugar metabolism.

hope for Alzheimers?

FKBP4: This gene codes for a protein that interacts with the tau protein, which plays a key role in the progression of Alzheimers disease.

CHROMOSOME WALK
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