TKTL1: apresent in this in modern humans seems to drive greater growth than does an ancient hominin version present in Neanderthals and non-human primates.
TLR7:involved in the fight against certain viral infections. Located on the X , this could explain in part the fact that males (who only have one copy of the X ) have a greater risk of hospitalization and mortality than females when infected with SARS-CoV-2.
Boys are boys thanks to the precocious action of ‘male’such as SRY. In the absence of male , the foetus becomes a girl. So are girls, girls by default? The concept dates from the 1950s and the question remains open…
NR0B1: Thisis essential in the development of female sexual characteristics.
MAOA:coding for a involved in the of which each have their say in modulating our mood.
ACE2: Thiscodes for a involved in the maturation of angiotensin, a that regulates blood pressure. ACE2 also happens to let the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus into human .
AR: Thiscodes for an androgen which is involved in the development of the male sexual characters, and associated with male baldness.
DMD: Thisis associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, characterized by muscle paralysis.
OPN1MW: Thisis involved in red/green colour blindness, and is generally found in boys because there is no backup copy of this on the Y .
MECP2: Thisis associated with Rett syndrome (mental retardation).
GABRA3: Thisis involved in nerve impulse transmission.
F8/F9: Theseare involved in blood coagulation and associated with haemophilia. The illness became infamous when Tsarevitch Alexis Nikolaïevitch of Russia suffered from it; it was transmitted to him from his great grand-mother, Queen Victoria of England.
ATP7A: Thisis involved in controlling the level of copper inside our .
NLGN3/NLGN4X: Theseare associated with autism.
CYBB: Thisis involved in antibacterial activity thanks to the production of free radicals.