Hidden in this 3 billion letter text are the which are important for our to develop, to and to multiply. In a nutshell: are necessary for life. The whole point of the human is to establish the succession of letters so that the underlying messages can be deciphered.
Understanding the information which is held within our will not only help to shed light on how life is made but will also help to predict illnesses and design new drugs. Currently, we are only at the very beginning of its elucidation.
Currenttechniques can only determine short of 35 to 400 letters at a time. And the human has 3 billion… In order to restore the complete text, these short have to be placed end to end – and it is no small feat. To do this, scientists use high performance tools. The assembled are then stored in , and made available via the internet.
1975 Development of techniques
1998 by a public international consortium begins. At the same time, a private firm, Celera , begins its own .
2000 Official announcement of a first draft of the human .
2001 Publication of the draft by both the public consortium and Celera . Celera admits having used data from the public consortium to go faster…
2003 Official announcement of the final version of the human , which becomes freely accessible on the internet. The is of very high quality despite a few inevitable ‘typos’.
This ‘reference human’ is being updated on a regular basis.
The can be sequenced in less than a week!of tens of thousands of organisms have either been sequenced or are in the course of being sequenced! Thanks to advances in technology, a person’s
Understanding the information held in the of other organisms – from to plants – allows scientists not only to discover more fascinating aspects of biology, but also to imagine possible applications in the fields of medicine or agriculture, for example.