Home » List of chromosomes » Chromosome 12
Chromosome 12 Chromosome 12
42.1 %
77.1
83. 8
33
30.3
16.3
42.1 %
90.1
77.1
84
83. 8
15
49.5
83
80.2
43.2
41.1
39.4
37.7
33
30.3
16.3
8.4
5.2
2.1
The story of life

The story of life

10 to 100 million species live on our planet. Every single species – from bacteria, insects and birds, to plants and humans – has a common ancestor. According to Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution, which was published in ‘On the Origin of Species’ in 1859, species evolve thanks to natural selection. The theory explains the basis of kinship between all species. Although it remained controversial for a long time, it has now been largely accepted.

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phenylketonuria

PAH: This gene is associated with phenylketonuria, a rare genetic disease that prevents phenylalanine metabolism. Babies are tested at birth because excess phenylalanine in the blood can cause mental retardation.

one too many…

ALDH2: This gene is involved in alcohol tolerance.

cell architecture

TWF1/TWF2: These genes code for proteins that are involved in giving a cell its shape.

Parkinsons disease

LRRK2: This gene is associated with Parkinsons disease.

something sweet

LDHB: This gene is involved in sugar metabolism.

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