Humans have always found ways to classify the knowledge they have acquired, and then store it in encyclopedias.are just like encyclopedias, and compile anything from different plant species to .
Since 1880, scientists have known thatare made up . Studies on insulin revealed that a is, in fact, a succession of much in the way that a necklace is a succession of beads. The order in which the follow one another is known as the .
Here is the
Each letter corresponds to a known as an ‘ ’.
The very firstwas elucidated in the early 1950s: insulin. It took a further 15 years to obtain sixty other which were compiled in the very first – the ‘Atlas of and Structure’ – which was published in 1965.
The moment computers made their entry, towards the end of the 1970s, it became possible to store biological data in places that were far less cumbersome than books. First stored on magnetic tapes, the data were kept on floppy discs, discs, then on CDs and finally on servers. When the internet arrived, in the 1990s, networks began to develop around the planet andwere becoming accessible on a global scale.
In parallel with the rapid development of the internet, laboratory strategies and techniques have evolved considerably.
Between 1950 and 1965, scientists managed toabout sixty . Today, thanks to novel approaches, scientists are able to a few thousand each day…and the number is growing continuously!
To promote data dissemination worldwide, hence supporting research and helping it to progress faster, the life sciences chose to make all their data public. Consequently, access to the great majority ofis free.