Hidden in this 3 billion letter text are thewhich are important for our to develop, to and to multiply. In a nutshell: are necessary for life. The whole point of the human is to establish the succession of letters so that the underlying messages can be deciphered.
Understanding the information which is held within ourwill not only help to shed light on how life is made but will also help to predict illnesses and design new drugs. Currently, we are only at the very beginning of its elucidation.
Currenttechniques can only determine short of 35 to 400 letters at a time. And the human has 3 billion… In order to restore the complete text, these short have to be placed end to end – and it is no small feat. To do this, scientists use high performance tools. The assembled are then stored in , and made available via the internet.
Understanding the information held in theof other organisms – from to plants – allows scientists not only to discover more fascinating aspects of biology, but also to imagine possible applications in the fields of medicine or agriculture, for example.
Theof more than 20’000 organisms have been sequenced or are in the course of being sequenced! Thanks to advances in technology, a person’s can be sequenced in less than a week!