Ato say it
Humans are the only animals that can make sentences – with words, and using grammar and syntax. And it is precisely for this reason that scientists have been looking for THE language, which is responsible for giving humans what other animals do not have, in other words speech.
turn it down
SLC26A4: Thisis associated with congenital deafness.
a bitter taste
TAS2R4/TAS2R38: Thesecode for involved in the perception of bitter compounds in the lungs.
OPN1SW: Thisis involved in recognising the colour blue. When it is defective, it is associated with ‘blue colour blindness’.
LEP: Thisis involved in regulating our appetite.
CFTR: Thisis associated with cystic fibrosis.
pump up the volume
SLC26A5: Thiscodes for the prestin which is involved in hearing. It is a fast-working , hence its name.
an Olympic medal?
EPO: Thiscodes for EPO, a that stimulates the production of red and can thus increase an athlete’s performance.
the beginnings of the placenta
ERVWE1: Thisis the remnants of a viral infection in our distant ancestors, and could have played a role in the emergence of the placenta in mammals.
ZP3: Thiscodes for a found on the egg’s surface, which is recognised by the sperm.
a passage for water
AQP1: Thiscodes for a – aquaporin – that acts as a for ferrying water throughout our body.
CYC S: Thisencodes a cytochrome, a which is involved in producing energy in our .