Home » List of chromosomes » Chromosome 19
Chromosome 19 Chromosome 19
76.8
90.9
79.8
53.7
19.4
3.8
76.8
76
83
90.9
79.8
79.7
76.4
53.7
51.2
19.4
15.7
3.8
1.6
Our blood at 7.59 a.m.

our blood at 7.59 a.m.

When life begins to form, the very first cell divides into two perfectly identical copies, which divide into two more copies that are identical too, and so on. Despite this, at a given time, one cell will become a brain cell, and another a blood cell. Though each of these cells has exactly the same genes, at one point during embryogenesis, they will specialise by using only the genes they need. It is one of the wonders of Nature.

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a sixth sense?

VN1R1/VN1R2/VN1R4: Groups of genes which code for pheromone receptors.

zinedine

STRN4: This gene codes for Zinedine, a protein that was discovered by researchers in Marseille, the famous football player’s home city.

a bowl of fresh air

TSHZ3: This gene is involved in regulating our breathing.

an Olympic medal?

EPOR: This gene codes for the EPO receptor, a hormone involved in producing red cells. Variations in this gene are associated with a high rate of red cells in the blood. Eero Mäntyranta, a Finnish athlete, has one of these particular variations of the gene and won a gold medal during the 1964 Winter Olympic Games. Did he benefit from it?

only for boys

AMH: This gene is involved in the development of male sexual organs.

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