Home » List of chromosomes » Chromosome 19
Chromosome 19 Chromosome 19
76.8
83
79.7
19.4
3.8
1.6
76.8
76
83
90.9
79.8
79.7
76.4
53.7
51.2
19.4
15.7
3.8
1.6
Our blood at 7.59 a.m.

our blood at 7.59 a.m.

When life begins to form, the very first cell divides into two perfectly identical copies, which divide into two more copies that are identical too, and so on. Despite this, at a given time, one cell will become a brain cell, and another a blood cell. Though each of these cells has exactly the same genes, at one point during embryogenesis, they will specialise by using only the genes they need. It is one of the wonders of Nature.

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epilepsy

DBP: This gene may be involved in epilepsy. The gene was discovered by the cleaning staff while vacuuming the animal care facilities at the University of Geneva!

calcium sensitive

CALM3: This gene codes for the calmodulin protein which senses changes in calcium concentration and transmits the information to other proteins.

an Olympic medal?

EPOR: This gene codes for the EPO receptor, a hormone involved in producing red cells. Variations in this gene are associated with a high rate of red cells in the blood. Eero Mäntyranta, a Finnish athlete, has one of these particular variations of the gene and won a gold medal during the 1964 Winter Olympic Games. Did he benefit from it?

only for boys

AMH: This gene is involved in the development of male sexual organs.

eternal youth?

KISS1R: If this gene is defective, puberty is stalled. A way of staying young?

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