Home » List of chromosomes » Chromosome 17
Chromosome 17 Chromosome 17
59
76
9.8
66
54
49
48
42
35
10
9
6
4
59
76
9.8
66
54
49
48
42
35
10
9
6
4
Bioinformatics for reading the past

Bioinformatics for reading the past

Since the 19th century, paleontologists have been ‘reading’ fossils to get a greater understanding of how species evolved. Biologists recently demonstrated that genes and proteins can be just as ‘readable’.

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big children

GH1: This gene codes for a hormone involved in child growth.

dry skin

ALOX12B/ALOXE3 : These genes are involved in keeping our skin hydrated.

epilepsy

HLF: This gene may be involved in epilepsy. The gene was discovered by the cleaning staff while vacuuming the animal care facilities at the University of Geneva!

neuron sculptor

MAPT: This gene codes for the tau protein, which is important for neuron structure and involved in certain forms of dementia.

qui dort dîne

HCRT: This gene codes for a protein which regulates our appetite and our sleep.

on skin, hair and nails

KRT31: This gene codes for keratin, the major component of skin, hair and nails.

anti-AIDS

CCL5: This gene codes for a protein involved in fighting off infections. When chemically modified, the protein is able to block HIV infection.

taxi to happiness

SLC6A4: This gene codes for a protein which transports serotonin, also known as a ‘happy hormone’.

an inbuilt timekeeper

PER1: This gene is involved in our daily biological rhythms.

the DNA guardian

TP53: This gene codes for a protein which is responsible for the integrity of our DNA. When defective, it is associated with the development of certain cancers.

the effects of morphine

ARRB2: This gene codes for a protein which regulates the effects of morphine.

love at first smell

OR1D2: This gene codes for a sperm protein involved in producing an odour which plays an important role in fertilisation.

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